DRYWALL TEXTURED PAINT
There are a number of ways to add textured paint to your walls and ceilings. Applying textures to the interior of your home can give your surfaces a unique look and feel.
Another advantage for texture painting is the added appeal that you can get without the expense of wallpaper or wallboard.
Below you will find how to advice for paint texturing your walls and ceilings using the help of a brush or roller. There is also information regarding the different types of textured paints including pre-textured products and paints that require additives such as sand or popcorn type vermiculite.
We also discuss tools that you can use to implement a textured feel to your surfaces with the help of a gallon of non-textured paint.
WHY TO USE TEXTURED PAINT
Adding textured paint onto your surfaces will give walls or ceilings durability and your rooms personality while at the same time hiding imperfections. With that said, don't expect the texturing process to fix all the problems that a surface can have.
In the case of an extremely rough wall or ceiling your only choice might be to
blow on splatter,
skim coating technique
replace the drywall
(plaster) all together.
If your doing a large ceiling with textured paint consider renting a machine and spraying on some compound instead (splatter etc.). Smaller ceilings like the ones you find in a medium sized bedroom are fine for rolled paint textures but larger overhead areas can be somewhat challenging and labor intensive.
Texturing can also be used on a feature wall. If you do so, it's advisable to paint the wall in a different color than the other walls in the room as a contrast.
Another thing one can do is add texture to your paint to create a less dangerous slip resistant surfaces. As an example, you could apply paint that has sand in it onto your steps or hand rails.
Painting the steps (or rail), sprinkling on silica sand, letting the sand dry, then following up by sweeping away excess sand will also do the trick. Just be sure to add an extra coat of paint or two over your swept surface.
PRE - TEXTUERED PAINTS
You can purchase paints that have a texture in them Behr Paints from Home Depot manufactures a number of different (grits sizes to choose from). They can be costly though depending on the product you choose and amount of ceiling or wall being done.
Even so, pre-textured products can suspended the texture better than paints that you add the texture to are very durable and require less stirring. When you do buy pre-textured paints purchase the good stuff as one tends to get what you pay for.
Another thing to consider is that some textured paints can be tinted while others may give you few colors to choose from.
TEXTURED PAINT ADDITIVES
Most home improvement centers offer different types (and sizes) of aggregates for adding to a gallon of paint. Price is usually more expensive for pre-textured paints as oppose to buying a gallon of paint along with the texture additive. With that said, price would depend on the cost (and quality) of the paint that your going to use and the amount of additive your adding to the can of paint itself.
For me the biggest advantage to buying paint and an additive separately is the fact that I can choose the paint I prefer. Mixing in my own additive also gives me the ability to adjust the amount of additive used.
If you are using texture additives start with a small amount of additive then test it on a a primed throw away board or chunk of drywall. Keep stirring and adding texture until you get the look that your going for.
Constant stirring is very important when using an additive.
Most additives are 10 parts paint to one part texture but it's best to test with less sand or other type of particulate and work your way up.
When you do choose your paint keep in mind that the aggregate or additive added to the paint might change the color. Even so, using a texture additive as oppose to pre-textured products gives you more colors to choose from.
Adding powdered or premixed drywall compound (1 cup powder to 1 gallon of paint) to your paint is also another technique you can test. Using compound will make your paint thicker and give the dried paint a peaked look.
Always test whatever process you decide on prior to texturing your walls or ceilings.
TEXTURED PAINT TOOLS & MATERIALS
There are a number of ways to texture paint a surface you will need to decide on the specific tools, products and materials for your particular job.
- Drop cloths
- Painters plastic
- Painters tape
- Putty knifes
- Paint-able caulk/gun
- Drywall compound (or other type filler)
- Medium sanding sponges
- Textured paint (or paint and texture additive)
- Top coat of paint (if needed)
- Stir sticks
- 2-1/2" firm sash paint brush
- Paint tray
- Roller/cover/extension pole
You might want to check out the on-line retailer Amazon.com as they tend to offer excellent prices on tools, products and materials. Just be sure to use the free or low cost shipping options that are available to you. Amazon.com
is quite large (just use their search box) including top quality brand name painting and decorating items.
TEXTURED PAINT - ROOM PREPERATION
Surface texturing is a very messy job especially if one is doing a ceiling. Move furniture from the room, and cover the floors. You want to plastic, tape and mask all items that you do not want to get paint on (plug ins, electrical boxes, light fixtures, hand rails, etc.).
Also, prior to starting, be sure your walls and ceilings are clean and free of dust, dirt, moisture, mold and other contaminants.
Once everything is good to go caulk and fill cracks and holes as needed then sand where you filled. After everything is filled prime the surface with the proper primer for the job at hand.
PREPARING YOUR TEXTURED PAINT
Whether you purchased your paint with texture in it or added your own texture the key to an appealing surface is in the stirring. If your not constantly stirring your textured paint you will soon have a surface that is inconsistent in both look and feel. Stirring your paint often is a must.
To begin you will need a brush, roller/cover, textured paint and tray. Pour your paint into the tray leaving enough product in the can to edge (cut in) your room (1/4 of the can or so).
ROLLING ON THE TEXTURED PAINT
Use a brush to edge or cut in your room in the same fashion as you would if you where using regular paint. When edging you might need to dab your textured paint on as oppose to brushing with long even strokes. Edging is not always necessary as rolling tight (to ceilings and corners etc.) will work fine but it does depend on your skill level with a paint roller.
I have used both a texturing roller cover and regular thick napped heavy pile cover to apply texture. Specialized roller covers won't plug up like a a regular cover will but I find that the texturing roller cover doesn't let me work as quickly as I would like to. If you have never used a regular type roller cover for texturing you might want to stick with the specialized cover instead.
When rolling work in 4'x4' or 3'x3' sections depending on what your comfortable with.
The process as an example would be to start in a top left hand corner of a room (right for ceilings) and roll your first section. Follow up by rolling and blending in the bottom section of the wall or next section of ceiling.(BR>
Move over (or ahead if your doing ceilings) by about three or four feet. Starting at the top again (walls) roll another section then proceed once again down to the bottom below what you just rolled on. Be sure to overlap each section by an inch or two painting with up and down or side to side motions.
Keep painting sections until your walls/ceilings or room is completely finished.
Once the paint is dry (as per label instructions) you can then apply another coat or two of paint. Keeping in mind that each successive layers of textured paint will add more coarseness to the surface itself.
There are paints you can purchase that are thick and smooth when rolled on. Once rolled you then drag a tool (e.g. a notched trowel) through the paint creating your own ridges while at the same time making lines, swirls or other types of designs.
applying a faux finish
such as smooshing is another way to add texture to your walls. Faux finishes, are not the best choice if your trying to hide heavy surface imperfection though. With that said, a faux will work very well when combining a textured wall for example with a chosen faux finish.
For added appeal, tools such as a stubby, firm paint brush or a crows foot technique along with assorted sponges can add a nice texture to your wet paint.
Another texturing process is to paint your surface then apply flattened out cheese cloth to the wet paint. Once the paint and cheese cloth are dry apply another coat (or three) of paint.
You will need to decide on the tools and materials that will work best for your particular situation.
Ask your local paint store representative regarding the procedure of tool texturing with paint.
SPRAY ON TEXTURED PAINT
Some textured paints can be purchased in either an aerosol type can or formulated to spray through a paint sprayer. Both types are very durable and give an excellent look and feel. I would advise though that you throughly prepare your room along with having completed a fair amount of practice or testing prior to spraying your main surfaces.
TEXTURED PAINT SUMMARY
Once textured a surface is much more difficult to remove so be sure you like the look before applying it to your walls.
Pre-textured paints can be priced the same as (or less than) a regular gallon of paint. Don't be fooled though as the coverage (per square foot) of a texture paint can be quite a bit less than that of other types of paints.
Textured paint comes in different levels of coarseness. Larger grits are usually (but not always) used on ceilings while sand like textures work best with walls and floor projects.
You can use silica sand (right off the beach) in your paint for texturing if you prefer. Just be sure that it's very clean and has no dirt and debris in it.
For those painting new masonry or a plastered surface remember that it requires a curing time prior to coating.
Texture paints that are made from an elastomer formulation bond well and bridge gaps better than other paints. Even so, not all textures will give you the look your going for.
When you first stir your paint place it in a larger container (like a five gallon pail) and use an electric drill with a paint stirring paddle. While painting, keep the look of your surface consistent by suspending the texture in your paint by constantly stirring your paint. You will also want to change roller covers as needed for the best finish.
Edging (or cutting in) the room with textured paints tends to be a problem (for some). Mostly due to the difficulty of making brushed textured paint look like rolled textured paint. To limit such issues, cross roll (horizontally) or roll very tight at the ceiling, in the corners and along the baseboards (whenever possible).
Furthermore, while brushing, you might find that a stubbier (shorter) brush or one that's on the stiffer side distributes the paint better. As you brush try dabbing the product on for the best results.
When using a regular type roller cover the cover can become plugged with chunks of texture. If your project is on the small side or the aggregate in your paint isn't that large, normal roller covers will work fine. Otherwise you might want to try changing covers more often or use a texturing roller to achieve an smooth, even look.
If you have never used texturing paint before it's always best to apply the product in a less trafficked rooms. Your garage walls for example would be a good place to test your texturing skills on. While practicing, do so with an entire wall. By texturing from corner to corner you will have an indication as to which products (or techniques) blend together properly.
Textured paint come in latex or alkyd and they usually don't require a primer or top coat. Follow all label instructions along with application advice that's given by your local paint store representative regarding technique, tools, products and materials.
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