USING A DRYWALL
Using a drywall texture tool will create patterns, in your wet mud (compound or plaster). Said texturing tools are usually combs, rakes or fans etc.
Applying a texture technique will give your surfaces a few extra bumps, swirls, grooves, peeks or channels. Furthermore, each type of tool used can cause your walls or ceilings to have their own unique look and feel.
Below I discuss texturing tools, products to use, and the process required to enhance the texture itself.
TOOL & MATERIALS FOR TEXTUERING
Each project involves an assortment of tools and materials. You will need to choose, from the list below, the specific drywall texture tool or product for your particular project.
- Painters plastic
- Painters tape
- Drop cloths
- Texture roller cover or thick (3/4" or so) nappy roller cover
- Paint tray, two extension handles or poles
- All purpose drywall mud (& or other texturing compound)
- Drywall taping knives & mud pan
- Texturing tool/s (see below)
- Very clean (or new) 5 gallon buckets or pails
- Cheap or old paint brushes
- Electric drill with mud mixer
- Primer, paint, & tools for painting (if needed)
- Old close (or coveralls), gloves, & goggles
Amazon is an on-line retailer that most people know and trust. Because of Amazon's size they tend to offer better prices on tools and materials than your local home improvement centre. Just be sure to use the free or low cost shipping options that are available to you.Amazons selection
is quite large and includes top quality brand name painting and decorating materials along with a five star rating system for tools & product.
SETTING UP THE ROOM
FOR YOUR DRYWALL TEXTURE TOOL
Using a drywall texture tool can tend to cause a certain amount of mess. You'll want to remove as much furniture from the room as possible. Un-movable items should be draped, taped or masked off with plastic ant painters tape to protect them from splatter.
Flooring needs to be secured with drop cloths and tape mask or plastic off trim, wood work, light fixtures (for ceilings), plug ins and switch plates.
If ceilings are being textured walls will need plastic applied or the excess mud scraped away.
Wash surfaces as needed along with filling holes, divots and cracks.
You can now apply primer do so according to it's purpose (seal, bond or block stains).
MIXING THE COMPOUND
FOR YOUR DRYWALL TEXTURE TOOL
Use either powdered texturing compound or the pre-mixed muds. Certain compounds do not require a top coat (of primer or paint) and can be rolled on right out of the bucket. Be sure the product used is best suited for your particular situation.
Place a gallon of compound into a five gallon pail then add a 1/2 cup of water. Some compounds (powdered or otherwise) may have different mixing instructions be sure to follow recommendations on the label.
Using your heavy duty drill and paddle stir the mud until it looks the consistency of a milk shake.
Slowly add small amounts of water (if needed) until your compound looks the way you want it. Keep in mind too that the thicker your mud is the more detailed (or bumpy) your finish will be.
You can now pour your nice smooth mixed texturing compound into a paint tray.
EDGING OR CUTING IN WITH MUD
Skip this step if you can roll tight enough to your wall and ceiling edges or would rather use a trowel ( or drywall knife) to apply the mud.
Cutting a room in (or edging) with paint is an much easier process than brushing some mud on.
To do so, dip a stiff brush into your mixed compound and dab the mud into corners or onto the wall where your ceilings and walls meet. At the same time remember to dab above your taped off baseboards.
If your drywall texture tool involves ceilings or a feature wall protect adjoining surfaces with painters tape.
Continue dabbing your mud on while staying within the section that's being mudded. By not doing so your brushed on compound won't dry before you can begin rolling.
ROLLING THE MUD ON
This can be a messy project so be sure to dress for the job. Your mud (or plaster etc.) should be about 1/8"th to 1/4" of an inch thick (depending on the tool used). Also, apply the mixed compound in 3' or 4' wide x 6" to 8' (foot) high (or long) sections.
When rolling try and have your roller cover somewhat saturated with mud for the best results. Keep in mind though that excessively thick (or thin) mud can cause unwanted drips, sags or quick drying time.
Roll your mud on tight to the ceiling, walls or above taped off baseboards using a cross-rolling technique (side ways or horizontally). Follow up by rolling in an up and down fashion (vertically filling and overlapping your top and bottom cross-rolling process.
Rolling requires somewhat of a gentle touch for a more defined look.
If you would prefer to do something different your mud can also be applied with a trowel, drywall knife or
crows foot brush technique.
Once you have a small section mudded, rolled, stomped or otherwise, (8' high x 3' wide give or take) you can proceed onto the drywall texture tool and application process below.
SELECTING A DRYWALL TEXTURE TOOL
You can purchase plastic or metal trowels that have notches in them or if you wish make your own type of tool for texturing.
Below are only a small amount of items one can use for adding a unique design onto their surfaces.
- Notched trowel (metal, plastic or rubber)
- Plastic drywall knife notched or otherwise
- Garden rake
- Brushes (paint etc.)
- Plastic texturing combs (or texture fans)
- Cloth rag (for rolling or dabbing)
Each tool is slightly different when it comes to the process for using them. You will need some old drywall or other type board to test to see which tool works best for your specific project.
SPECILIZED TEXTUER ROLLERS
After a section of wall or ceiling has had your mixed compound rolled onto it, you can then use a specialized texture roller cover to create designs into the wet compound. Other types of texture roller covers can also give a unique stippled look.
I would advise purchasing two or three types of rollers to find the one that works best for you. When using your texture rollers remember that they are much the same as a regular paint roller. You will get a different look though depending on the pressure, speed and technique used.
USING A DRYWALL TEXTURE TOOL
Holding your chosen texturing tool begin gently scraping the wet mud from top to bottom or wall to wall. While doing so work in nice strait smooth motions. As you scrape your tool through the mud be sure to remove excess mud from the tool (as needed). As you scrape the surface remember to replace the tool back into any notches or groves the tool may have made in the mud.
When using the tool do so in strait, squiggly or hash mark lines. Sweeping, twisting, stamping or shaking will also give you a different surface pattern.
Whatever technique you do use, overlap mudded and tooled sections with rhythmic consistent movements until your room, ceiling or surfaces is completed.
DRYWALL TEXTURE TOOL SUMMARY
Ceilings need to be done in manageable sections (4'x4' to 6'x6' or so) overlapping sections for the best look. Extra hands will complete your project quicker and easier having one person roll while the other uses a tool.
Make sure you have tested each of your different chosen tools along with techniques prior to tackling your main project.
Powdered compounds become quite hard once dry and some powders can dry very quickly. Even so, powders are easier to mix along with being less pron to lumps or clumps. Pre-mixed muds on the other hand are softer and require less skill to work with. Also, some textures (powdered and pre-mixed) do not require a top coat of paint after application.
You can purchase quality remodelling products and tools for a good price from Amazon.com. Your local home improvement store is also a good place to receive advice, or buy items for the job at hand.
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