HOW TO APPLY
DRYWALL TEXTURE



By applying drywall texture to your surfaces (or sheetrock) you will add an elegant and distinctive look to your walls or ceilings.

With that said, be sure to keep in mind that once a surface is textured the process for reversing the effect can be costly and time consuming. Also, doing a repair on a textured surface is substantially more difficult than fixing an un-textured one. Furthermore, certain techniques like knockdown can tend to require flat and level walls or ceilings for you to receive the best results.

So, prior to proceeding with your texturing technique keep in mind that un-even framing or sagging ceiling can cause very pronounced imperfections after a trowel (or drywall knife) has flatten or leveled the texture out.



Using an electric hopper gun or for much bigger jobs the regular sized hopper gun and compressor to spray some splatter on as oppose to knockdown or even rolling on a texture paint might be a little more forgiving.

Even so, applying texture will hide certain imperfections while enhancing others and blowing compound onto your walls and ceilings is a very messy project to take on.

Be committed to the look and feel along with doing a test area before adding all of those bumps and grooves to your surfaces.

Below you will find links to an assortment of drywall texture help.


DRYWALL TEXTURE BASICS



Anyone who says that applying drywall texture is easy has either not attempted the job before or has very low standards. Certain textures, I will admit, are (somewhat) easier to put on. Even so, testing along with practise are the only ways you can learn how to texture drywall properly.

I would suggest implementing a garage or another less crucial area of a home so as to test your texturing skills. Most home improvement centres also offer classes on drywall (or sheetrock) texturing for those who are interested.

When you do texture your surfaces the most difficult thing to accomplish is consistency and uniformity. Having, the proper air pressure, thickness of mud, recommended tools and equipment, along with knowing how to use said items is very important. Take your time (at least a weekend is best) and work in small sections at a time.

Also, while the mud or texture is drying use box fans to hurry the process if needed. You can open windows just remember to re-mask them if a second coat is required.

For an added difference consider using a tintable mud or try tinting the first coat of primer a color that complements the top layer of your texture compound. If you do roll on a colored base coat be sure to use a texturing compound or other coatings that do not require a painted top coat after it's applied.

There are a number of techniques one can use when texturing drywall. I mention just a few below along with some extra advice in the summary that follows.


TYPES OF DRYWALL TEXTURE



Ceiling and wall texture techniques

Ceiling and wall texturing basics. There are an assortment of ways to texture your surfaces. From rolling it on to using a splatter gun.

Removing the old popcorn or stipple
Before you start a new texture your old texture (in most cases) needs to be removed. A newly scraped surface may also require skim coating (below) or re-boarding.

Un-painted textures are reasonably easy to scrape away painted textures on the other-hand should be brought back to a flat level surface prior to attempting a new texturing technique.

Skim coat drywall
Walls and ceilings that are a little worse for wear can be repaired with the help of a wall finishing process called skim coating. When done properly skim results in an even and uniform finished surface.

Like most drywalling projects though troweling on mud then sanding some of it off tends to be a dusty, messy job.

How to texture roller drywall compound
Thinning drywall compound to a paint-able consistency then rolling the compound onto your surfaces is by far less messy than working with a hopper gun and compressor unit.

Even so, rolling on drywall mud, in my opinion anyways, looks best when knocked down with a trowel or texturing technique.

Brushing & rolling textured paint
Most home improvement centers carry aggregates or additives to add to your chosen paint. Textured paint can also be purchased with the texture already implemented into the paint itself.

Texture paints are easier to apply and in most cases less expensive than a sprayed on drywall compound. Even so, textured paints do lack the consistency you get when using a machine to do the job.

Slap brush texture, crows foot and panda paw techniques
Slap brush, crows foot and panda paws along with other paint or wallpaper brushes can be used to dab drywall texture compound or plaster onto your surfaces.

Knocking down the mud after doing a slap brush technique will add a little extra elegance to your finished project.

Sponge texture technique
Sponging drywall texture compound or plaster onto your walls or ceilings can be time consuming. Even so the process is cheap to do and it will show visitors your artistic side.

When sponging keep in mind that each type of sponge used may give your surfaces a specific look or type of texture feel.

Drywall texturing tools
Using drywall texture tools such as combs, fans or hand rakes gives textured surfaces durability and uniformity. With your newly patterned ceilings or walls you will also get originality and uniqueness.

Drywall stamp texturing tools
Stamping can be a little more difficult and time consuming drywall texture process. Drywall stamp texturing tools though add patterns onto your walls (or ceilings) with the help of some drywall mud (or plastering compound).

You can purchase texture stamps on-line or make your own stamping tools with the help of readily available construction materials.

Plaster Stenciling
Applying plaster (or compound) onto your walls by way of stenciling can be a difficult technique to take on. Skill level and the intricacy of the stencil being used ads to how well your stencil project turns out.

The best way to practice plaster stencilling is to do so on some throw away drywall board. Even so, if your not happy with the look you can easily wipe it away before the compound dries.

Venetian plaster
Venetian plaster involves the process of applying mud or compound designs to your walls (colored or otherwise) with a drywall taping knife.

Wall and ceiling drywall splatter texture
For you to blow on drywall texture compound you'll need to buy a hopper and compressor or rent a unit.

Splatter can be left as is or knocked down (by skip troweling) to get a lacing or California effect.

Orange peel drywall textures
Orange peel drywall texture is much the same as splattering. Orange peel can use a different type of compound and technique though along a change in adjustments to your compressor or hopper gun.

Knockdown drywall texturing
After your walls are splattered you can use a drywall taping knife or an 18"to 24" inch knockdown trowel to flatten the peeks of your newly textured surfaces.

Ceiling repair of a drywalled or textured surface
In some situations your repairs may be difficult for others to see. With that said, in most cases your repair will never be invisible after completion.


DRYWALL TEXTURE SUMMARY



The finish that one ends up with when texturing drywall is subjective to the person doing the job. In fact, some textures can easily be considered as an art form. No matter which texturing technique that you choose be sure to use a top quality pre-primer. A primer that's recommended for the type of compound being applied.

After texturing let your texture dry for at least 24 to 48 hours prior to priming then painting (if needed).

Flatter paint sheens will tone down your textured peeks and grooves while a glossier finish can enhance them.

Keep in mind too that as your compound dries the room becomes humid because of the moisture from the mud being released into the atmosphere.

Most texturing professionals insist on using products made especially for texturing (e.g. Super White). Specialized texturing compounds do not require a top coat, can be tinted to a paint color, are used for sound barrier , scrape off easily and will resist mold/mildew. Of course such products are more expensive than regular plaster or drywall compound.

I would recommend compounds such as Super White when the project is going to be un-painted or your using it for a specific reason. Techniques that will be painted over on the other-hand can be textured with thinned down plaster or multi purpose drywall compound.

You will need to decide what works best for your specific project or situation.

Practice and test all your texturing techniques prior to tackling your main project. Tools, compressor air pressure, procedures, and compound type or thickness along with the hopper guns trigger distance can all play a part in your finished look, design and pattern.


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