airless spray gun

Airless spraying tips, the information kind, along with advice regarding the best spray tips to use can be found below.

Paint sprayer products and equipment are also discussed.

By using the appropriate spray tips and making informed product choices, you will find that airless sprayers can be used for both large commercial jobs or smaller, intricate work.

With that said, let's start practicing your spraying techniques so you can get those projects done.


When it comes to airless spraying tips, there are those that go into the end of your paint sprayer gun and those that are the help or advice kind. I'll get started with the helping kind first.

If you no longer have your owners manual you can, in most cases, download a copy from the sprayer manufacturers website.

Also, be sure to follow any of the said manuals paint or paint product guidelines and safety instructions.

Furthermore, keep in mind, some coatings may not work very well with your specific type of machine.

Check paint stores or equipment supplier's regarding product and proper operation of your paint spraying equipment prior to use.

When thinning coatings, work only with recommended solvents (in regards to the product that is being applied). With that said, thinning your paint or coating is (usually) not necessary when using an airless system but straining almost always is. Do so, by purchasing a paint screen to keep your coating products clean.

As a final note, and for the best results, use the properly sized paint spraying machine (horse power or gallons per minute) and gun tip (orifice) for the job at hand. Ask your local paint and coating dealer in regards to the material applied and viscosity of the product being used.



Keeping your airless as far away from the intended project, but close enough to give you the ability to work freely, will protect the machine and it's motor fan from being covered or clogged with dried paint.

Place a paint screen in a clean five gallon pail. You can buy a screen from your local paint store or use an old pair of pantyhose., cheese cloth or window screen.

If using pantyhose, cut the legs off, then tie what's left of the cut ends in knots.

With the pantyhose knotted, stretch the elastic waste of the hose over your paint pail. Once the pantyhose are over the pails lip, use masking tape (around and around) to secure the hose (cheese cloth or screen). Be sure your pantyhose are attached properly to the pail, otherwise your newly made paint strainer will end up falling into the bucket.

The legs that you cut off the pantyhose (depending on size) can be used to go over a one gallon can of paint in the same fashion as the top of the pantyhose fit over a five gallon pail.

Cut a small hole parallel to the screen at the paint pail's edge. Place the paint sprayers suction end into the hole that you just cut into the pantyhose.

Now pour your stirred paint through the screen into the pail.

You will find that spraying strained paint, no matter how small the airless spraying tip being used, spraying will be much easier since the coating being applied is free of chunks and debris.


An airless paint sprayer would be considered the workhorse when it comes to the painting industry. Reason being is, that the airless can be used for a number of different projects. The key to using such a paint sprayer is it gives the operator the ability to quickly change the sprayers gun tip sizes specifically for the job at hand. Prior to starting your project, be sure to select the airless tip size that's appropriate for your particular sprayed surface and chosen coating product.

inserting an airless spray tip, seat and seal

Check to see that the metal seat and rubber or teflon seal are placed properly into the airless spraying tips housing (also called a base or tip guard). Insert the tip into the hole on the side of the tip housing and then turn the tip housing onto the gun by hand.

The housing should be tight enough so as not to leek yet, you should still be able to turn the tip guard from a horizontal to vertical position without to much difficulty.

The spray tip must be properly installed in the housing. You must fully understand all of the pre-mentioned tip attachment instructions or you will end up with paint everywhere.

Read your paint sprayers instruction manual in regards to changing of the guns airless spraying tips, housing attachment, pressure knob operation and the proper insertion of seals, etc.


When selecting an airless spraying tip, a good size to start with is one that's made for latex paint. In most cases, a tip size in the 310 to 314 range (Titan and Grayco) will work well for beginners.

The first number, of the tip size represents fan width (in inches times two). In the above mentioned case the "3" in the 310 means a "6" inch fan width or (3 x 2 = 6). A "4" would mean an "8" inch fan (4 x 2 = 8) and a "5" is "10" inches of fan width (5 x 2 = 10).

A tips last two numbers, like the "10" in the 310 example, stands for the size of the tips orifice. The bigger the last two numbers, the more paint you will see (coming out of the spray tip).

A 110 tip size, will produce 2 inches of fan, with a very small amount of product while A 720 tip would give you a 14 inch fan, with a very large blast of coating.

Smaller tips tend to give slower application rates, yet have more control and are excellent for fine finish work. Larger tip sizes, work best with thicker paints or quicker applications.

Talk to your local paint representative, regarding the sprayer, coatings and tips to use in relation to the project being done.

It's also always a good idea to practice with the product and equipment being used.


Another thing to keep in mind is that a spray tip can plug no matter how clean you think your paint or coating is.

cleaning a airless paint sprayer tip

To unplug a sprayer tip, you twist the tip (in the housing or base) all the way around so that you can trigger the gun and spray the clog out. Be sure the tip is completely reversed when doing so though.

Also, read your instruction manual on how to unclog a tip. Keep a pail handy for spraying the clog into. When an airless spraying tip has a piece of debris lodged inside the gun, or the equipment itself is plugged, then the sprayer can cause you the operator many hours of frustration.

Due to each piece of equipment being different, follow your specific machines cleaning instructions.

As mentioned above, airless paint sprayer manuals can be downloaded or ordered from the majority of paint sprayer manufactures web sites.


Depending on how you will be moving the gun (horizontally for example) you will need to turn the tips housing (base or guard) in a vertical position or visa versa (doing so changes the fan direction).

Start moving the gun across your test material, then pull the trigger. Keep the gun six to twelve inches away from the spraying surface.

Drop down and overlap the next pass by half of the first. Keep spraying in a strait even pattern (with the guns distance from the surface as consistent as possible).


The key to an excellent spray job is knowing what type of surface is being sprayed, understanding the equipment your using and having familiarity with the coating material being applied.

Expanding on that, ask yourself, what type of surface is this. Is it oak, maple etc. How should the surface be sprayed. Was the paint strained. Is my spray equipment of good quality and well cleaned. Also, what sprayer tip would be best in relationship to the product being sprayed, project accomplished, or sprayer that I'm using. Is the spray machine's pressure knob adjustment correctly.

Furthermore, keep the gun absolutely perpendicular to the surface and at the same distance from the project when applying product. Is the gun being improperly arched towards, then away from, the project in a C shaped fashion.

Are you using the best speed when passing the gun across the surface. Was overlapping done as per product instructions.

Most importantly is practice, practice, practice and keep testing by finding the best type of coating to spray along with learning the equipment and finding the proper size of airless spraying tips that work well with the job and sprayer your using.

Use this spraying with an airless for information on how to spray with a paint spraying system.


The Paint Store is a very reputable online retailer that sells (what I feel are) the best universal airless spraying tips for the money one might want to spend. Other brand name spraying tips like Titan Tips can also be purchased from The paint store if one wishes.

Campbell Hausfeld and Wagner Spray Tip can be acquired from Graco sells tips on Amazon too but they are the black ones and I find the green fine finish type give the best sprayed surface (though they are expensive).

If your looking for the green ones then you might have to try the paint store otherwise the universal ASM tips above will work fine. Just be sure that your Base Guard (the orange fitting pictured below) fits both the tip and the spray gun.

You may need to check with your retailer to insure a proper fit.


In closing, having clean, quality equipment, that works, and using recommended products and spray tip sizes for the job at hand, ends up being crucial for superior airless project.

Check to see that nozzles, airless spraying tips, filters, and hoses are not blocked, have worked loose, or contain nicks and holes. Be sure moving parts are not damaged or stuck. Know your material being sprayed and practice with the tools and airless spraying tips you will be using.

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